Ortaǵasyrlyq Saraıshyq – QazaQ Eliniń astanasy
«Saraıshyq» memlekettik tarıhı – mádenı mýzeı – qoryģy»

Department of scientific-fund work and excursion services

Fund department

The general conservator of the funds is Sagynbaeva Oryndyk Kalievna. The department has 1 general conservator of funds, 1 custodian of funds, 1 methodologist, 1 art restorer, 2 guides, 1 curator.

The main work is aimed at accounting, storage, registration, continued replenishment and inventory, certification of exhibits. On September 3, 1999, the building of the State Historical and Cultural Museum-Reserve “Saraishyk” was opened with collection of 200. The exhibits were collected during the research Expedition under the leadership of Z. Samashev to the western Kazakhstan. The core exhibits of the museum firm 3827 objects handed over during excavations by local residents. The museum collection consists of hundreds of products, coins, jewelry, household items, tools, weapons, grandiose samples of raw brick architecture, the debris of the palace complex, called “Hanoi” and etc.1104 of the objects are registered in the governmental electronic catalog. Received exhibits are in good, medium and poor condition.

Some exhibits of the museum are presented in museums of Astana and Almaty. And can be commonly seen in foreign museums. In Atyrau, a jug found in Saraichik is exhibited in the regional museum of local history. An excerpt from the poem of Jusup Balasagun of the 11th century is written on the jug:

Man’s grace is synonymous with face

In turn, it beautified with eyes

Man’s speech is ranked by what he says

And every word it verifies

What’s on his mind and on his hands

Can clearly be the evidence

Spherocon. Cultured spherical vessels made of cobblestone or mercury, which are delicately decorated with earthenware and burned at high temperatures. The word “spheron” is used to describe the appearance of the container. It consists of two words: “Sphere” and “Cone”. The upper part of the vessel (above) resembles a “sphere” (from the Greek “hphaira” -ball), and the lower part – “cone” (Latin “conus”, Greek “konos” – a geometrical body). Most of the time , spherical cones have a narrow neck. The sides are roundish, the bottom is sharp with wide margins and a thin short neck, the upper part resembles to a fungus, with a dark gray and purple-gray color. Outside, they are decorated in different ways. The spherical cone was used for transmitting mercury or aromatic water.

Unpolished ceramic pottery. Found in the excavations of the city of Saraishyқ dated 13th century. Ware from ceramics. Ceramic dishes make up 80-90% of the Saraishyk collection. Iron clay is used as a feedstock which is characterized by iron oxide, bubble and small concentration of impurities (brown iron, pyrite, mica, limestone). The technology for manufacturing molded masses is developed at a high level, so it can be seen that the broken sections were smooth, without roughness. In general, all vessels are made on a pottery machine. And most of them are stained.

Painted red clay pottery. Ferruginous, plastic grades of clay of a high or medium level of quality were used as a raw materials for manufacturing ceramic products. including various iron mixtures, iron and carbonate mixtures for manufacturing of ceramic products Brown reinforced concrete, mica and limestone are natural admixtures of these clays. The composition of the slip can be determined from the wreckage of the vessel, it is a very dense dough, with smooth or small gravel. As artificial impurities, pollen was most often used, similar mainly to chamotte and cattail, and large granite sands were rarely used. All products were made on a potter’s wheel. Coloring of products is diverse: transparent lead and matte; lead-alkaline and alkaline. Green transparent, transparent yellow, brown, transparent, colorless ceramic products.

Jūmys kestesі

Düisenbі/Jeksenbі: 09:00-18:30

Tüskі üzіlіs uaqyty: 12:30-14:00

Kerі bailanys

Tel/faks: 8-712 362 55 06

E-maıl: museumsaraıshık@maıl.ru

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